Carousel Earth System Models

The comprehensive Earth-system model developed at ECMWF in co-operation with Météo-France forms the basis for all our data assimilation and forecasting activities. All the main applications required are available through one computer software system called the Integrated Forecasting System (IFS).

The dynamical core of IFS is hydrostatic, two-time-level, semi-implicit, semi-Lagrangian and applies spectral transforms between grid-point space (where the physical parametrizations and advection are calculated) and spectral space. In the vertical the model is discretised using a finite-element scheme. A reduced Gaussian grid is used in the horizontal.

The IFS also has extra configurations available for research experiments that are not used operationally. An example is the non-hydrostatic dynamical core. (Source: IFS)