European Environment Agency – Environmental Indicators

  • Industrial waste in Europe
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    Total annual quantities of waste generation across industry remained generally static over the period 2010-2016. Taking the reported industry gross value added (GVA) into consideration, waste generation per unit of industrial output may be showing limited signs of decreasing. Data on E-PRTR waste movements (off-site transfers) from industrial sites does… Read more »
  • Final energy consumption by sector and fuel
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    Between 2005 and 2016, final energy consumption decreased by 7.1% (0.7% annually) in the EU28. Final energy consumption decreased in all sectors, particularly in industry and households (16.4 %, and 8.0% respectively) but also in transport (0.5%). In the services sector the final energy consumption increased (3.8%). The overall decrease… Read more »
  • Primary energy consumption by fuel
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    In 2016, primary energy consumption in the EU amounted to 1 543 million tonnes of oil equivalent, 4.0 % above the 2020 target. Between 2005 and 2016, primary energy consumption in the EU decreased by 10 %. This was due to energy efficiency improvements, an increase in the share of… Read more »
  • Agriculture: nitrogen balance
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    At the EU level, there has been a decrease in the agricultural nitrogen balance between 2000 and 2015, which is an indication of an improving trend. The main decrease was between 2000 and 2010; between 2010 and 2015 there was no further significant decrease. A country comparison of the average… Read more »
  • Nationally designated protected areas
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    The total area of nationally designated protected areas in Europe [1] has increased over time and amounted to 1.5 million km 2  across 39 European countries in 2017, covering almost 26 % of terrestrial territory and inland waters. With more than 100 000 sites, though often small and fragmented, Europe… Read more »
  • Efficiency of conventional thermal electricity and heat production in Europe
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    Between 2005 and 2016, the efficiency of public conventional thermal power plants in the EU increased from 47 % to almost 50 %. The efficiency of electricity and heat production from autoproducer conventional thermal power plants stabilised at around 57 % in the period 2007-2016. This followed a 5 percentage… Read more »
  • Total greenhouse gas emission trends and projections
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      According to preliminary estimates, EU greenhouse gas emissions increased by 0.6 % in 2017, following a 0.4 % decrease in 2016. These 2017 levels correspond to a 22 % reduction from 1990 levels, which is more than the EU reduction target of 20 % by 2020. According to Member… Read more »
  • Overview of electricity production and use in Europe
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    In 2016,  low-carbon energy sources (i.e. renewables and nuclear energy) continued to dominate the electricity mix for the second year in a row, together generating more power than fossil fuel sources. Fossil fuels (i.e. coal, natural gas and oil) were responsible for 43 % of all gross electricity generation in… Read more »
  • Energy intensity
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    Between 1990 and 2016, the EU's energy intensity, i.e. the ratio between its  gross inland energy consumption and its gross domestic product (GDP),  decreased by 36 %.  This decrease was continuous during the entire period, with an average annual decrease of 1.7 % per year. The 1990-2005 period is characterised… Read more »
  • Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption
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    The share of renewable energy in gross final energy use in the EU has almost doubled since 2005. It reached 17.0 % in 2016 and is expected to have reached 17.4 % in 2017, according to the early estimates from the European Environment Agency (EEA) . These levels are higher… Read more »