European Environment Agency – Environmental Indicators

  • Land recycling and densification
    true
    Land recycling is still low in all European countries: on average, land recycling accounted for only 13.5 % of total land consumption in European cities in the 2006-2012 period. The land use densification process, i.e. when land development makes maximum use of existing infrastructure, accounts for the... Read more »
  • Population exposure to environmental noise
    true
    Noise pollution is a major environmental health problem in Europe. Road traffic is the most widespread source of environmental noise, with more than 100 million people affected by harmful levels in the EEA-33 member countries. Noise from railways, air traffic and industry are also important sources of noise.... Read more »
  • Emissions and supply of fluorinated greenhouse gases
    true
    Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) are amongst the most powerful greenhouse gases, with a global warming effect up to 23 000 times greater than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) account for 85 % of present F-gases supply. They are used primarily as refrigerants in refrigeration, air conditioning and... Read more »
  • Sites designated under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives
    true
    Since the introduction of the Habitats Directive in 1992 and the establishment of the Natura 2000 network, there has been a steady increase in the cumulative area of the network in EU Member States. In 2017, the network covered an area of 1 322 630 km 2 , encompassing... Read more »
  • Electric vehicles as a proportion of the total fleet
    true
    Compared with 2016, sales of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) in the EU-28 increased by 51 % in 2017, the highest increase since 2008.  Nevertheless, BEVs continue to  constitute only a very small fraction of new vehicle registrations . Around 224 000 p... Read more »
  • Average CO2 emissions from newly registered motor vehicles
    true
    Despite a small increase in annual average CO 2 emissions from passenger cars in 2017, new cars are becoming more efficient. The average car sold in 2017 was almost 16 % more efficient than the average car sold in 2010. Average annual CO 2 emissions from... Read more »
  • Aquaculture production
    true
    Marine aquaculture production is increasing in Europe (EEA39) since the early 1990s , mostly due to salmon production in Norway which is the main producer.  For the same period of time, inland aquaculture in Europe is stable, and the main producer is Turkey, indicating that much of... Read more »
  • Energy intensity
    true
    Between 1990 and 2015, energy intensity decreased by 1.7 % per year in the EU-28 and by 1.6 % across the EEA member countries [1] . In 2015, energy intensity was 35 % below 1990 levels in the EU-28 and 34 % below 1990 levels in the... Read more »
  • Global and European temperature
    true
    According to different observational records of global average annual near-surface (land and ocean) temperature, the last decade (2008–2017) was 0.89 °C to 0.93 °C warmer than the pre-industrial average, which makes it the warmest decade on record. Of the 17 warmest years on record, 16 have occurred since 2000.... Read more »
  • Landscape fragmentation pressure from urban and transport infrastructure expansion
    true
    Large parts of Europe are highly fragmented because of transport infrastructure and urban expansion. The Atlantic and Continental biogeographical regions show by far the highest degree of fragmentation in Europe. Around 50 % of the Atlantic region and 40 % of the Continental region are highly fragmented.... Read more »